Multifocal pigmentation refers to changes in the color of the gums and oral mucus membranes that may or may not be related to an underlying condition. It’s important to note that darkening of the gums and oral mucus membranes (also known as gingival hyperpigmentation) doesn’t indicate any health risk, nor does it have any significant consequences on your oral health.
Fact 1: About 60–70% Of Humans Have At Least Some Degree Of Focal Pigment:
Pigmentation is a natural process of coloration, usually referring to one of three types: racial pigmentation, ethnic pigmentation, or multifocal pigmentation. Multifocal pigmentation is a broad term that describes any change in coloration that occurs on at least two surfaces of the mouth. This type of pigment can be seen as darker or lighter patches on the gums and oral mucus membranes. It may also be seen on areas around teeth, on tooth enamel, or inside pits (fissures) of teeth.
Fact 2: Focal pigment Is Caused By Melanin:
The multifocal pigment is a normal part of the oral mucosa. It is caused by melanin, which is a natural pigment produced by cells called melanocytes. These cells are located throughout the body to produce skin, hair, and eye color. Melanin also provides protective properties against ultraviolet radiation because it absorbs UV light before it reaches other parts of the body. In dentistry, focal pigments can be found on gingival surfaces (gum tissue) and in oral mucus membranes such as lip folds or labial commissures (corners of the mouth).
Fact 3: Types Of Multifocal Pigment:
Racial pigmentation, ethnic pigmentation, and multifocal pigmentation are types of mulitfocal pigment. Racial pigmentation is caused by melanin; it is most prevalent in the skin and tans easily. Ethnic pigments come from chemical reactions to foods or medications as well as other factors such as age. Multifocal pigments can develop due to aging, trauma, or genetics.
Fact 4: Ways To Treat Multifocal Pigment:
The three ways of treating multifocal pigment are bleach, laser therapy, or gum surgery. Bleaching does not guarantee that it will be 100% effective in removing all pigment from your gums. Laser therapy is a more expensive way to go, but it is less intrusive than gum surgery. Laser therapy can be done on an individual tooth or as a whole mouth treatment. Gum surgery is a little more invasive than laser therapy with added risks of bleeding and infection. Gum surgery can’t be done on just one tooth.